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Par Yitzhak Arad. 2018
Under the code name Operation Reinhard more than one and a half million Jews were murdered between 1942 and… 1943 in the concentration camps of Belzec Sobibor and Treblinka located in Nazi-occupied Poland Unlike more well-known camps which were used both for slave labor and extermination these camps existed purely to murder Jews Few victims survived to tell their stories and the camps were largely forgotten after they were dismantled in 1943 The Operation Reinhard Death Camps bears eloquent witness to this horrific tragedy This newly revised and expanded edition includes new material on the history of the Jews under German occupation in Poland the execution and timing of Operation Reinhard information about the ghettos in Lublin Warsaw Krakow Radom and Galicia and updated numbers of the victims who were murdered during deportations In addition to documenting the horror of the camps Yitzhak Arad recounts the stories of those courageous enough to struggle against the Nazis and their Final Solution Arad s work retrieves the experiences of Operation Reinhard s victims and survivors from obscurity and exposes a terrible chapter in humanity s history
Par Alexander Prusin. 2017
The 1941 Axis invasion of Yugoslavia initially left the German occupiers with a pacified Serbian heartland willing to cooperate in… return for relatively mild treatment. Soon, however, the outbreak of resistance shattered Serbia's seeming tranquility, turning the country into a battlefield and an area of bitter civil war. Deftly merging political and social history, Serbia under the Swastika looks at the interactions between Germany's occupation policies, the various forces of resistance and collaboration, and the civilian population. Alexander Prusin reveals a German occupying force at war with itself. Pragmatists intent on maintaining a sedate Serbia increasingly gave way to Nazified agencies obsessed with implementing the expansionist racial vision of the Third Reich. As Prusin shows, the increasing reliance on terror catalyzed conflict between the nationalist Chetniks, communist Partisans, and the collaborationist government. Prusin unwraps the winding system of expediency that at times led the factions to support one-another against the Germans--even as they fought a ferocious internecine civil war to determine the future of Yugoslavia.
Par Tim Blanning. 2016
The definitive biography of the legendary autocrat whose enlightened rule transformed the map of Europe and changed the course of… history Few figures loom as large in European history as Frederick the Great. When he inherited the Prussian crown in 1740, he ruled over a kingdom of scattered territories, a minor Germanic backwater. By the end of his reign, the much larger and consolidated Prussia ranked among the continent's great powers. In this magisterial biography, award-winning historian Tim Blanning gives us an intimate, in-depth portrait of a king who dominated the political, military, and cultural life of Europe half a century before Napoleon.A brilliant, ambitious, sometimes ruthless monarch, Frederick was a man of immense contradictions. This consummate conqueror was also an ardent patron of the arts who attracted painters, architects, musicians, playwrights, and intellectuals to his court. Like his fellow autocrat Catherine the Great of Russia, Frederick was captivated by the ideals of the Enlightenment--for many years he kept up lively correspondence with Voltaire and other leading thinkers of the age. Yet, like Catherine, Frederick drew the line when it came to implementing Enlightenment principles that might curtail his royal authority. Frederick's terrifying father instilled in him a stern military discipline that would make the future king one of the most fearsome battlefield commanders of his day, while deriding as effeminate his son's passion for modern ideas and fine art. Frederick, driven to surpass his father's legacy, challenged the dominant German-speaking powers, including Saxony, Bavaria, and the Habsburg Monarchy. It was an audacious foreign policy gambit, one at which Frederick, against the expectations of his rivals, succeeded. In examining Frederick's private life, Blanning also carefully considers the long-debated question of Frederick's sexuality, finding evidence that Frederick lavished gifts on his male friends and maintained homosexual relationships throughout his life, while limiting contact with his estranged, unloved queen to visits that were few and far between. The story of one man's life and the complete political and cultural transformation of a nation, Tim Blanning's sweeping biography takes readers inside the mind of the monarch, giving us a fresh understanding of Frederick the Great's remarkable reign.Praise for Frederick the Great "Writing Frederick's biography . . . requires a diverse set of skills: expertise in eighteenth-century diplomatic and military history, including the intricacies of the Holy Roman Empire; a familiarity with the music, architecture and intellectual traditions of Northern Europe; and, not least, a profound sense of human psychology, the better to grasp the makeup of this complex and tormented man. Fortunately, Tim Blanning . . . has all of these skills in abundance."--The Wall Street Journal "At once scholarly and highly readable . . . [Blanning] has given us a superb portrait of an enlightened despot, equally at home on the battlefield and in the opera house, both utterly ruthless and culturally refined."--Commentary "Blanning, in clear thinking and prose, investigates all aspects of Frederick's personality and reign. . . . The last word on this significant king, for years to come."--Booklist (starred review)"Masterly . . . Blanning brilliantly brings to life one of the most complex characters of modern European history."--The Telegraph (five stars) "A supremely nuanced account . . . This biography finds [Blanning] at the height of his powers."--Literary ReviewFrom the Hardcover edition.
Par Maxwell Gillingham. 2006
From not enough space and too many things to not knowing what color to paint the living room walls … many of us struggle with our homes Now Maxwell Gillingham-Ryan frequent makeover expert on HGTV s Mission Organization and Small Spaces Big Style shares the do-it-yourself strategies that have enabled his clients and fans to transform their apartments into well-organized beautiful places that suit their style and budget Week by week Apartment Therapywill guide you to treat common problems eliminate clutter and revamp even the tiniest space Here is an eight-step process that includes A therapeutic questionnaire to help you get in touch with your personal taste and diagnose your home s physical emotional and energy flow issues A prescription with recommendations for each room based on your needs and lifestyle including tips on how to use color lighting and accessories A treatment plan including regular maintenance schedules to ensure the ongoing health of your space Illustrations of floor plans and decorative examples that allow you to visualize concepts before you begin With surprising ease and without elaborate professional help Apartment Therapywill help you clear a path through disorder and indecision to reveal a home you ll love From the Trade Paperback edition
Par S. E. Wilmer. 2018
This book examines performative strategies that contest nationalist prejudices in representing the conditions of refugees, the stateless and the dispossessed.… In the light of the European Union failing to find a political solution to the current migration crisis, it considers a variety of artistic works that have challenged the deficiencies in governmental and transnational practices, as well as innovative efforts by migrants and their hosts to imagine and build a new future. It discusses a diverse range of performative strategies, moving from a consideration of recent adaptations of Greek tragedy, to performances employing fictive identification, documentary dramas, immersive theatre, over-identification and subversive identification, nomadism and political activism. This study will appeal to those interested in questions of statelessness, migration, and the problematic role of the nation-state.
Par Tarc sio Melo, Nicole Evans. 2017
CONHEÇA MANEIRAS NATURAIS PARA TRATAR E CURAR SEUS PROBLEMAS DE SAÚDE UTILIZANDO APENAS ERVAS MEDICINAIS! Se você quer acabar o… estresse, tratar resfriados, ou rejuvenescer sua pele, Ervas Medicinais pode te ajudar. Aqui está uma prévia de alguns dos problemas de saúde que você será capaz de tratar e curar: ANSIEDADE DEPRESSÃO ESTRESSE DORES CONTROLE DO PESO DOENÇAS COMUNS PROBLEMAS DE PELE E MUITO, MUITO, MUITO MAIS! E já adianto o que você irá aprender: COMO CULTIVAR SUAS PRÓPRIAS PLANTAS 30 ERVAS MAIS COMUNS PARA FINS MEDICINAIS ERVAS MEDICINAIS PARA ANSIEDADE, DEPRESSÃO E ESTRESSE ERVAS MEDICINAIS PARA ALÍVIO DE DORES ERVAS MEDICINAIS PARA PERDA DE PESO ERVAS MEDICINAIS PARA PROBLEMAS DE PELE E MUITO, MUITO, MUITO MAIS!
One of the most modern features of the French Revolution was its intention of shaping a new kind of citizen… by exposing him from childhood to inspirational messages and behavioral models In this effort to regenerate the masses the French Revolutionaries sought to employ not only schools but newspapers festivals dramas poems songs paintings statues and engravings as well At the peak of the Terror French leaders brough tthe West to the threshold of the totalitarian state in the fullest sense of the world they established a single party state directed a regimented economy created a mass army and sought to mobilize all the media capable of influencing the human mind In was an interest in both art and the Revolution which led Professor Leith to explore the groth of the idea of using art as one instrument of propaganda The idea proved to have deep roots in western civilization going back to classical thinkers medieval churchmen and the art officials of such monarchs as Louis XIV But following the hedonistic rococo art of the first half of the eighteenth century this idea of didactic art took on a new lease of life reaching a crescendo during the Terror This book analyses the contribution of the philosophes the Encyclopedists royal officials art critics and revolutionary leaders to the resurgence of the idea it also probes the peculiar psychological assumptions which led eighteeneth-century thinkers to believe in the efficacy of visual propaganda The outcome of this idea of art as an ideological weapon was involved in the fate of the Revolution itself yet it was also affected by certain curious tensions already evident in the minds of its advocates under the Old R gime Lingering interest in purely aesthetic values k affirmation of the need for creative freedom and determination to maintain French cultural hegemony all complicated the effort to turn art into a vehicle of civic instruction The final chapter examines the r le of these tensions in the d nouement of the idea in the closing phase of the Revolution This book should appeal not only to those interested in French civilization the age of Enlightment and they French Revolution but to those concerned with the r le of art and the artist in modern society as well
Par Norman Davies, Lilka Trzcinska-Croydon. 2004
Lilka Trzcinska was fourteen years old when the Nazis invaded Poland in 1939 The daughter of an architect … Lilka was a high school student at the time When schools were closed by the occupier she along with her siblings continued their education in secret classes and joined the Polish Home Army the secret resistance force Lilka and her family were arrested by the Gestapo in 1943 and sent to the political prison Pawiak then to Auschwitz There Lilka s mother died and her younger sister was sent off to another camp The rest of the family was put to work in the camp building offices After being transported to a number of different camps the three sisters were reunited in 1945 and shortly thereafter liberated by the British Lilka later went to Italy to continue her education moving to Canada in 1948 The Labyrinth of Dangerous Hours is the memoir of a survivor Lilka Trzcinska-Croydon narrates her adolescence and that of her sisters and brother in a way that binds poetry and history together seamlessly It describes the strength of the family ties and solidarity that helped them emerge from their horrific ordeal with their dignity intact As many as 150 000 Polish political prisoners were taken during the war half of whom died in the camps This memoir is a testament to their struggle
Geometry of the Passions: Fear, Hope, Happiness: Philosophy and Political Use (Lorenzo Da Ponte Italian Library)
Par Remo Bodei, Gianpiero W. Doebler. 2018
The passions have long been condemned as a creator of disturbance and purveyor of the temporary loss of reason … but as Remo Bodei argues in Geometry of the Passions we must abandon the perception that order and disorder are in a constant state of collision By means of a theoretical and historical analysis Bodei interprets the relationship between passion and reason as a conflict between two complementary logics Geometry of the Passions investigates the paradoxical conflict-collaboration between passions and reason and between individual and political projects Tracing the roles passion and reason have played throughout history including in the political agendas of Descartes Hobbes and the French Jacobins Geometry of the Passions reveals how passion and reason may be used as a vehicle for affirmation rather than self-enslavement
Par Robert Patrick Newcomb. 2018
"Iberianism" refers to a minority intellectual current which emerged in Spain and Portugal during the mid-nineteenth century and developed in… step with the Iberian Peninsula’s successive crises. Iberianism sought to upend the peninsula’s political and intellectual status quo by advocating closer ties between the two peninsular kingdoms, and more equitable relations between the Spanish state’s constituent regions, including Castile, Catalonia, Basque Country, and Galicia. Robert Patrick Newcomb’s Iberianism and Crisis examines how prominent peninsular essay writers and public intellectuals, active around the turn of the twentieth century, looked to Iberianism to address a succession of political, economic, and social crises that shook the Spanish and Portuguese states to their foundations. Bringing into dialogue prominent fin-de-siècle peninsular literary intellectuals, including Joan Maragall, Oliveira Martins, Emilia Pardo Bazán, Antero de Quental, and Miguel de Unamuno, Newcomb engages in a comparative analysis of textual sources across national and regional borders, languages, and literary canons.
Par Sue Gagliardi. 2017
Par Arthur Mount, Karen Kelly, Karl Champley. 2011
Master carpenter and DIY Network host Karl Champley offers 50 home improvement projects to maximize space in any dwelling … no matter how big or small Keeping an eye on style and economy Champley outlines tools materials and techniques for searching out and using hidden-away space to achieve incredible results Readers will learn how to carve out shelving niches between studs in the wall tuck more into kitchen cupboards build hidey-holes beneath floor boards and much more The projects range from easy organization solutions to weekend construction projects and more ambitious undertakings With easy-to-follow instructions for making more out of less detailed illustrations and no-nonsense advice on clutter control Same Place More Space makes it simple to create a more functional expansive and beautiful home without moving or remodeling
Par Elizabeth Campbell Karlsgodt. 2011
Defending National Treasuresexplores the fate of art and cultural heritage during the Nazi occupation of France The French… cultural patrimony was a crucial locus of power struggles between German and French leaders and among influential figures in each country Karlsgodt examines the preservation policy that the Vichy regime enacted in an assertion of sovereignty over French art museums historic monuments and archeological sites The limits to this sovereignty are apparent from German appropriations of public statues Jewish-owned art collections and key Germanic works of art from French museums A final chapter traces the lasting impact of the French wartime reforms on preservation policy InDefending National Treasures Karlsgodt introduces the concept ofpatrimaniato reveal examples of opportunism in art preservation During the war French officials sought to acquire coveted artwork from Jewish collections for the Louvre and other museums in the early postwar years they established a complicated guardianship over unclaimed art recovered from Germany A cautionary tale for our own times Defending National Treasuresexamines the ethical dimensions of museum acquisitions in the ongoing noble quest to preserve great works of art
Par Abraham Ascher. 2012
Was Hitler A Riddle?is the first comparative study of how British, French, and American diplomats serving in Germany assessed Hitler… and the Nazi movement. These assessments provided the governments in London, Paris, and Washington with ample information about the ruthlessness of the authorities in Germany and of their determination to conquer vast stretches of Europe. Had the British, French, and American leaders acted on this information and taken measures to rein in Hitler, the history of the twentieth century would have been far less bloody: the second world war might well have been avoided, the Soviet Union would not have expanded into central and eastern Europe, and the world would have been spared the Cold War.
Par Bernard M. Reardon. 1995
Most general accounts of the reformation concentrate on its events and personalities while recent scholarship has been largely devoted to… its social and economic consequences Benard Reardon s famous book has been designed specifically to reassert the role of religion in the study of reformation history and make the theological issues and arguments that fuelled it accessible to non-specialists today
Par Andrea Cossu, Matteo Bortolini. 2017
This book provides a comprehensive profile of the development of sociology in Italy from the post-war period to the present… day The first English-language account of the history of Italian sociology it focuses on the process of institutionalization of the discipline within the Italian university system and its changing relationships with extra-academic actors and institutions political parties unions the Catholic Church political and social movements as well as local and national governments Arranged chronologically across eight chapters it presents all major steps in the development of the discipline in a theoretically-informed but accessible way The authors explore the pioneering phase of the 1950s to the establishment of the first academic chairs in the 1960s from the student revolts of 1968 to the creation of the first sociological association in the 1980s and up to the present day It will appeal to social science and history scholars and students as well as readers interested in the history of Contemporary Italy
Par Robert Arellano. 2001
An abandoned child hustles on the streets of a dystopic near-future Boston in the aftermath of the Great Devaluation--squatters… have turned the tunnel system into an underground hive known as Dig City In an elaborate search for his unknown parents Eddie narrates through several levels of deception street performer pickpocket adoptee casino employee and finally commander of the subterranean revolution Fast Eddie is a convoluted Oedipal adventure blending low-brow scenarios with high-art diction reminiscent of Robert Coover John Hawkes and Edmund White Cuban-American author Robert Arellano instructs fiction workshops at Brown University He spends his breaks playing guitar for indie rock outfit Palace Brothers Arellano s interactive novel Sunshine 69 was published by SonicNet in 1996 He lives in Providence Rhode Island
Par Benson Bobrick. 2012
The Caliph's Splendor is a revelation: a history of a civilization we barely know that had a profound effect on… our own culture. While the West declined following the collapse of the Roman Empire, a new Arab civilization arose to the east, reaching an early peak in Baghdad under the caliph Harun al-Rashid. Harun is the legendary caliph of The Thousand and One Nights, but his actual court was nearly as magnificent as the fictional one. In The Caliph's Splendor, Benson Bobrick eloquently tells the little-known and remarkable story of Harun's rise to power and his rivalries with the neighboring Byzantines and the new Frankish kingdom under the leadership of Charlemagne. When Harun came to power, Islam stretched from the Atlantic to India. The Islamic empire was the mightiest on earth and the largest ever seen. Although Islam spread largely through war, its cultural achievements were immense. Harun's court at Baghdad outshone the independent Islamic emirate in Spain and all the courts of Europe, for that matter. In Baghdad, great works from Greece and Rome were preserved and studied, and new learning enhanced civilization. Over the following centuries Arab and Persian civilizations made a lasting impact on the West in astronomy, geometry, algebra (an Arabic word), medicine, and chemistry, among other fields of science. The alchemy (another Arabic word) of the Middle Ages originated with the Arabs. From engineering to jewelry to fashion to weaponry, Arab influences would shape life in the West, as they did in the fields of law, music, and literature. But for centuries Arabs and Byzantines contended fiercely on land and sea. Bobrick tells how Harun defeated attempts by the Byzantines to advance into Asia at his expense. He contemplated an alliance with the much weaker Charlemagne in order to contain the Byzantines, and in time Arabs and Byzantines reached an accommodation that permitted both to prosper. Harun's caliphate would weaken from within as his two sons quarreled and formed factions; eventually Arabs would give way to Turks in the Islamic empire. Empires rise, weaken, and fall, but during its golden age, the caliphate of Baghdad made a permanent contribution to civilization, as Benson Bobrick so splendidly reminds us.
Par Frank Lorenz Müller. 2017
This book explores the development and viability of Germany s sub-national monarchies in the decades before their sudden… demise in 1918 It does so by focusing on the men who turned out to be the last ones to inherit the crowns of the country s three smaller kingdoms Prince Ludwig of Bavaria Prince Friedrich August of Saxony and Prince Wilhelm of W rttemberg Imperial Germany was not a monolithic block but a motley federation of more than twenty allied regional monarchies headed by the Kaiser When the German Reich became a republic at the end of the First World War all of these kings grand dukes dukes and princes were swept away within a fortnight By examining the lives experiences and functions of these three men as heirs to the throne during the decades when they prepared themselves for their predestined role as king this study investigates what the future of the German model of constitutional monarchy looked like before it was so abruptly discarded
This book explores the political ideas of the Belgian Revolution of 1830, which led to the break-up of the Restoration… state of the ‘united’ Kingdom of the Netherlands. It uncovers the origins of liberalism and political Catholicism in the Southern Netherlands in the wake of the French Revolution, and traces the development of political language in the context of the tensions between the Northern and Southern part of the united Netherlands. It shows how differences in ‘Dutch’ and ‘Belgian’ political and intellectual history resulted in different understandings of essential political concepts such as ‘sovereignty’ and ‘balance of powers’, as well as of the nature of the constitutional order of 1815. Finally, it traces the emergence of Belgian nationalism within the discourse of opposition against the government. Stefaan Marteel therefore provides a fresh perspective on the intellectual background of the rise of the nation-state in the nineteenth century.